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Trincheras Sites in Time, Space, and Society Suzanne K. Fish

Trincheras Sites in Time, Space, and Society

Suzanne K. Fish

Published May 10th 2008
ISBN : 9780816525409
Hardcover
288 pages
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 About the Book 

The intriguing hilltop archaeological sites known as “cerros de trincheras” span almost three millennia, from 1250 BC to AD 1450. Archaeologists have long viewed them as a unitary phenomenon because they all have masonry architecture and occur mostlyMoreThe intriguing hilltop archaeological sites known as “cerros de trincheras” span almost three millennia, from 1250 BC to AD 1450. Archaeologists have long viewed them as a unitary phenomenon because they all have masonry architecture and occur mostly on low volcanic peaks. Scattered across the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, these sites received little comprehensive research until the 1980s. This first volume in the Amerind Studies in Archaeology series from the Amerind Foundation documents considerable variability among trincheras sites with respect to age, geographic location, and cultural affiliation.This multi-author volume integrates a remarkable body of new data representing a textbook-like array of current research issues and methodologies in the archaeology of the region. Scholars from the United States and Mexico offer original research on trincheras sites in Chihuahua, Sonora, Arizona, and New Mexico. Scales of focus range from intensive intrasite sampling to the largest contiguous survey in the region. Authors incorporate spatial analyses, artifact studies, environmental and subsistence data, ethnographic analogs, ethnohistorical records, cross-cultural comparisons, archaeology, and archival resources.Contributors present meticulous research arguing that many trincheras sites were primarily used for habitation and ceremonial rites, in addition to previously predominant views of them as defensive refuges. Because trincheras occupations date from the late pre-ceramic era to shortly before Spanish contact, authors relate them to early forms of agriculture, the emergence of village life, the appearance of differentiated settlement systems, and tendencies toward political and ritual centralization.Detailed maps and figures illustrate the text, and close-up aerial photographs capture the visual essence of the sites, highlighted by a section that includes color photographs and an essay by renowned photographer Adriel Heisey.CONTENTSForeword by John WarePrefaceM. Elisa Villalpando, Suzanne K. Fish, and Paul R. Fish1. IntroductionPaul R. Fish, Suzanne K. Fish, and M. Elisa Villalpando2. Cerros de Trincheras in Northwestern Chihuahua: Arguments for DefenseRobert J. Hard and John R. Roney3. Tumamoc Hill and the Early Pioneer Period Occupation of the Tucson BasinHenry Wallace, Paul Fish, and Suzanne Fish4. Cerros de Trincheras in Southern Arizona: Review and Current Status of the DebaChristian E. Downum5. Excavations at Cerro de TrincherasRandall H. McGuire and M. Elisa Villalpando6. Regional Heartlands and Transregional TrendsSuzanne K. Fish and Paul R. Fish7. Delineating Hilltop Settlement Systems in West Central Arizona, AD 1100--1400David Wilcox, Judith Taylor, Joseph Vogel, and J. Scott Wood8. Crafting of Places: Mesoamerican Monumentality in Cerros de Trincheras and Other Hilltop SitesBen A. Nelson9. Concluding Observations: Perspectives from the Hill Towns of OaxacaStephen A. KowalewskiPhotographing Trincheras SitesAdriel HeiseyBibliographyIndexAbout the Contributors